The island country of Madagascar remains plagued by political and economic instability, poverty, and food insecurity. While the country engaged in an ambitious transformation program designed to improve social, economic, and governance indicators between 2002 and 2008, a 2009 political crisis has thrown these improvements off-course. This political strife, in combination with the global financial downturn, led to a 4 percent decline in economic growth in 2009 (World Bank 2012).

Agricultural Production
Agricultural Production2011201220132014
Rice Production
FAO 2013
4,300,185 MT4,550,649 MT3,610,626 MT3,978,000 MT
Wheat Production
FAO 2012
10,000 MT10,000 MT5,000 MT5,000 MT
Maize Production
FAO 2012
428,390 MT447,948 MT381,000 MT366,000 MT
Soybean Production
FAO 2013
42.00 MT45.00 MT44.00 MT40.00 MT
Agricultural Exports
Agricultural Exports2010201120122013
Rice Exports
FAO 2013
34.00 MT31.00 MT833.00 MT8.00 MT
Wheat Exports
FAO 2012
0.00 MT0.00 MT0.00 MT0.00 MT
Maize Exports
FAO 2013
1,572 MT2,897 MT3,040 MT1,996 MT
Soybean Exports
FAO 2012
1.00 MT0.00 MT0.00 MT0.00 MT
Agricultural Imports
Agricultural Imports2010201120122013
Rice Imports
FAO 2013
132,510 MT201,073 MT193,081 MT388,701 MT
Wheat Imports
FAO 2012
0.00 MT0.00 MT0.00 MT0.00 MT
Maize Imports
FAO 2010
6,412 MT11,723 MT13,885 MT19,069 MT
Soybean Imports
FAO 2013
324.00 MT109.00 MT2.00 MT0.00 MT