At more than 160 million people, the population of Nigeria is the largest in Africa and accounts for 47 percent of West Africa’s total population (World Bank 2012). Nigeria is also the biggest oil exporter in Africa, with the continent’s largest natural gas reserves. Nigeria’s oil wealth has helped it maintain relatively steady economic growth despite recent global financial downturns. The country’s GDP grew from 6 percent in 2008 to 8.4 percent in 2010 (World Bank 2012). Unemployment remains a significant problem, however, with an estimated 50 million youth unemployed.

Agricultural Production
Agricultural Production2011201220132014
Rice Production
FAO 2013
4,612,614 MT5,432,930 MT4,823,330 MT6,734,000 MT
Wheat Production
FAO 2012
165,000 MT100,000 MT80,000 MT70,000 MT
Maize Production
FAO 2012
8,878,456 MT8,694,900 MT8,422,670 MT10,790,600 MT
Soybean Production
FAO 2013
492,852 MT650,000 MT517,960 MT679,000 MT
Agricultural Exports
Agricultural Exports2010201120122013
Rice Exports
FAO 2013
94.00 MT166.00 MT0.00 MT144.00 MT
Wheat Exports
FAO 2012
29.00 MT272.00 MT111.00 MT100.00 MT
Maize Exports
FAO 2013
8.00 MT8.00 MT8.00 MT7,530 MT
Soybean Exports
FAO 2012
11,000 MT8,000 MT11,400 MT8,800 MT
Agricultural Imports
Agricultural Imports2010201120122013
Rice Imports
FAO 2013
1,882,759 MT2,187,419 MT2,455,202 MT2,187,370 MT
Wheat Imports
FAO 2012
29.00 MT272.00 MT111.00 MT100.00 MT
Maize Imports
FAO 2010
550.00 MT812.00 MT1,000.00 MT1,200 MT
Soybean Imports
FAO 2013
9.00 MT9.00 MT5,721 MT12,757 MT