Strong upward trends in global food prices over the past two years have led to widespread concern that hunger and poverty will increase sharply across the world. At the same time, rising food prices provide a strong incentive and opportunity for many developing countries to strengthen the contribution their farmers, and the agricultural sector as a whole, make to national economic growth and poverty reduction. This section presents the latest research undertaken to respond to the global food crisis. Along with an in-depth overview of the causes and consequences of the crisis, it also focuses on the impact of the food price crisis on agriculture, women households, and its linkages to the financial crisis. Research on safety nets and regional responses describes the key policy responses required to mitigate the negative consequences of the food price crisis and enhance food security.